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Bois d'arc

Bois d'arc originates from French and translates to "wood of the bow. Scientifically known as Maclura pomifera, it holds a special place in the history of Native Americans and their survival throughout various challenges, including the Ice Age. Also commonly called Osage orange, hedge apple, or horse apple, this tree played a significant role in the lives of indigenous communities and their ability to adapt and thrive in changing environments. Under severe pruning, the hedge apple sprouts abundant adventitious shoots from its base; as these shoots grow, they become interwoven and form a dense, thorny barrier hedge. 
 

Native Americans, particularly the Osage tribe, were among those who recognized the value of the Bois d'arc tree. The solid and durable wood of the tree was used for crafting bows, an essential tool for hunting and defense. The flexibility and strength of the Bois d'arc wood made it ideal for creating powerful and accurate bows, giving the Native Americans a distinct advantage in their pursuits.

The survival of Bois d'arc through the Ice Age can be attributed to its hardy nature and adaptability. This tree has a remarkable ability to tolerate a wide range of environmental conditions, including periods of extreme cold. The Ice Age likely brought about significant challenges to plant and animal life. Still, species like Bois d'arc endured due to their inherent resilience and ability to adapt to changing climates.

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